Founder: Is the person who establishes or subscribes the foundation in the Public Registry of Panama, owner of the funds and goods that are going to be transferred.
The founder can be one or more natural persons or a juridical person of any nationality.
Foundation council: In order to operate, the foundation must have a foundation council, which is the one in charge of the management of the foundation before the government and third parties.
Our clients have the option to choose two types of foundation councils:
- Natural persons: In order to do business, the foundation shall have a minimum of three persons, of any nationality, to form the foundation council. The names and addresses of the council members will appear in the foundation charter that must be registered at the Panama Public Registry. The client appoints three persons for the foundation council or, if preferred, we may appoint members of the nominee council. We offer this service in order to protect our clients` privacy and anonymity.
- A legal person: A national or foreign juridical person can be the foundation council. For example, it can be a Panamanian Corporation or a Hong Kong Corporation.
The founder could likewise participate in the foundations management, with all the majority of the shares of the juridical person acting as council being issued in his favor (as registered or bearer shares).
Protector: The client might choose to appoint a protector, who will be appointed to ensure strict compliance with the objectives and purpose of the foundation, as well as the interest of the beneficiaries.
The protector can be a natural or juridical person, the client or a trusted person named by the client. There are two ways to designate a protector:
- By the foundation council during the incorporation process and appearing in the foundation charter.
- By means of a private document authenticated by a Public Notary; with it the client holds complete control of the foundation in a private manner.
Beneficiaries: These are the persons or institutions receiving benefits from the foundation.
In Panama, the beneficiary of a foundation can be the founder. It is not required to list the foundations beneficiaries in the foundation charter (Which is a legal document registered in the Public Registry), you can list them in the "Regulations of the Foundation" (Private document that is not registered).